Difference Between Law and Ethics

The law may be understood as the systematic set of universally accepted rules and regulations created by an appropriate authority such as government, which may be regional, national, international, etc. It is used to govern the action and behavior of the members and can be enforced, by imposing penalties.

Many times the term law is juxtaposed with the term ethics, but there is a difference, as ethics are the principles that guide a person or society, created to decide what is good or bad, right or wrong, in a given situation. It regulates a person’s behavior or conduct and helps an individual in living a good life, by applying the moral rules and guidelines.

Definition of Law

The law is described as the set of rules and regulations, created by the government to govern the whole society. The law is universally accepted, recognized, and enforced. It is created with the purpose of maintaining social order, peace, justice in the society and to provide protection to the general public and safeguard their interest. It is made after considering ethical principles and moral values.

The law is made by the judicial system of the country. Every person in the country is bound to follow the law. It clearly defines what a person must or must not do. So, in the case of the breach of law may result in the punishment or penalty or sometimes both.

Definition of Ethics

By ethics, we mean that branch of moral philosophy that guides people about what is good or bad. It is a collection of fundamental concepts and principles of an ideal human character. The principles help us in making decisions regarding, what is right or wrong. It informs us about how to act in a particular situation and make a judgment to make better choices for ourselves.

Ethics is the code of conduct agreed upon and adopted by the people. It sets a standard of how a person should live and interact with other people.

Difference Table

Ground Law Ethics
Meaning The law refers to a systematic body of rules that governs the whole society and the actions of its individual members. Ethics is a branch of moral philosophy that guides people about the basic human conduct.
What is it? Set of rules and regulations Set of guidelines
Governed By Government Individual, Legal and Professional norms
Expression Expressed and published in writing. They are abstract.
Violation Violation of law is not permissible which may result in punishment like imprisonment or fine or both. There is no punishment for violation of ethics.
Objective Law is created with an intent to maintain social order and peace in the society and provide protection to all the citizens. Ethics are made to help people to decide what is right or wrong and how to act.
Binding Law has a legal binding. Ethics do not have a binding nature.

Author: Shubham siwach

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