National Population Register (NPR)

What is NPR?

Basically, NPR is a database for the identity of citizens who used to live in India as Permanent or temporarily both. This is ready on Gram Panchyat, Tehsil, State or at the National level, if any outsider of the nation is used to live at least 6 months is also mention in this database called NPR. For Indian Citizens, registration is very compulsory.

Objective of NPR

The demographic data is collected to assist the government to formulate policies for the future for a particular area or community. It would help the policies be more relevant as it would be based on an assessment of the needs of the people in the area. The basic idea is to create a comprehensive database of the total population residing in India, as the total population includes both the citizens and the non-citizens. The category of non-citizens isn’t restricted to illegal migrants alone. NPR would enable the government to get a sense of clarity on the demographic composition of the country while creating a database to help them in their future objectives.

On what basis NPR is ready?

Citizenship Act, 1955 or Citizenship rules, 2004 on that basis this register is to be ready. Citizenship Act, 1955 was amended in 2004 and added the Section’s about NPR. In Section 14(a) is to be decided that the Central Government has the right to generate an essential database on every single citizen, the Central Government has Rights to ready a register of their citizens, for this propose separate committee is to establish called National Registration Authority. National population register is ready in 2010 for the very first time, after that in 2015, it was updated through aadhaar.

Difference between NPR and the Census

 The NPR and the Census are carried out under the aegis of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

 The Census is carried out under the Census Act of 1948 and is based on self-declaration by the individual. There is no verification involved.

 NPR, however, is carried out under the Citizenship Rules, 2003. These rules make it compulsory for the person to share the demographic data for making the NPR.

 There are bodies at the state, district, and taluka levels mandated under the rules which will be entrusted with the duty to populate such a register.

Details required for NPR

  • The details collected include the basic details regarding the individual, such as:
  • Name o Father’s Name
  • Mother’s Name o Gender
  • Date of Birth
  • Place of Birth
  • Nationality (as declared)
  • Educational Qualification
  • Address
  • Marital Status
  • Identification Mark
  • Aadhar card
  • Pan Card and other identification documents
  • The biometric data would also be collected along with the demographic data to update the database.
  • A mobile app would be used for data collection, and the Central portal would be used for monitoring purposes, which will ensure an early release of the Census data with improved quality.


The confusion stems largely from the legitimate and motivated apprehensions with respect to the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). It would be wrong on behalf of the government to dismiss genuine concerns regarding CAA, however, the sole issue of CAA should not become a stumbling block in the implementation of important tools of national security such as NRC and NPR

Author: Shubham siwach

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